Roy L. Brooks, Integration or Separation?: A Strategy for Racial Equality (Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press. 1996), pages 129-30 (endnotes omitted).
This passage contains Brooks’s discussion of W. E. B. Du Bois, and his conclusion regarding one important characteristic shared by both Du Bois and Booker T. Washington.
W. E. B. Du Bois
During most of his career Du Bois presented himself as a staunch integrationist and demanded freedom of speech, education, “manhood suffrage;” and “the abolition of all caste distinctions based simply on race and color.” These tenets would become the foundation of the Niagara Movement, founded by a small group of African American intellectuals critical of Washington; it would in turn spawn the NAACP in 1910.
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[De Bois urged that] African Americans must make choices that are beneficial to their community, such as supporting African American merchants.
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Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Du Bois each offered a unique civil rights strategy. Though they may have been bitter enemies, they were identical in one important respect throughout their lives both men were deeply committed to making life better for African Americans.
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Charles J. Ogletree, Jr., All Deliberate Speed: Reflections on the First Half Century of Brown v. Board of Education (New York: W. W. Norton & Co. 2004) (paperback edition, 2005), page 103.
This paragraph contains Ogletree’s remarkably similar discussion of W. E. B. Du Bois, including Brooks’s conclusion regarding one important characteristic shared by both Du Bois and Booker T. Washington.
Four sentences were copied out of Brooks’s book, with only minor rewording. The four sentences appear in the same order as in Brooks’s book.
There are two endnotes to this paragraph in Ogletree’s book; in neither is there any citation to Brooks’s book. These four sentences, and indeed the entire substance of the paragraph, were lifted from Brooks’s book without Brooks being given any credit for his analysis, and his writing, concerning the career of W. E. B. Du Bois. Instead this analysis and writing was passed off as Ogletree’s own.
. . . [Du Bois’s] demands included freedom of speech, education, “manhood suffrage,” and “the abolition of all caste distinctions based simply on race and color.” These tenets became the basis of the Niagara movement, founded by a small group of African-American intellectuals critical of Washington; it in turn spawned the NAACP in 1910. Du Bois implored African-Americans to make choices that benefited their community, such as supporting African-American merchants. Despite the differences in Washington’s and Du Bois’s approaches, both men were deeply committed to making life better for African-Americans.